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NJIRM. 2013; 4(4): 115-117


Antibiotic Resistance Among Uropathogens : A Challenge

Dr.Vaishali Rahangdale*, Dr.Swati Bhise*.

Abstract
Background objectives: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is among the most common infection described in outpatient setting & hospital patients. The increasing prevalence of antimicrobial resistance is a major health problem & is associated with high morbidity & mortality. So ,a retrospective study of one year was conducted to know the current scenario of antibiotic resistance among uropathogens in Central India. Material &Methods: Fresh midstream urine samples were aseptically collected in sterile containers. Each sample was plated on 5% sheep blood agar & MacConkey agar plates using a standard loop technique & the growth was processed by standard bacteriological technique. After biochemical identification, antimicrobial sensitivity testing was done for the isolates using Kirby-Bauer methods on Mueller-Hinton agar & results were interpreted as per the CLSI 2011 guidelines. Results: The commonest uropathogen obtained was E.coli (56.1%) followed by the klebsiellae species.(27.6%).Among gram- positive organism ,S.aureus (1.9%) was most prevalent uropathogen obtained. Among ,Gram positive organism ,the maximum resistance was observed towords Penicillin G followed by erythromycin.All enterococcal isolates showed maximum resistance to commonly used urinary antibiotic i.e norfloxacin & nitrofurantoin. All Gram-positive isolates were 100% sensitive to vancomycin & Teicoplanin These isolates showed resistance to all the commonly used antibiotics. The main challenge is the multidrug resistance (i.e resistance to more than 3 drugs) shown by all the isolates. All the Gram-negative isolates showed maximum sensitivity to amikacin & imipenem. Interpretation & Conclusion :These findings call for wiser use of antimicrobial agents & their continous in vitro monitoring. [Rahangadale V et al NJIRM 2013; 4(4) : 115-117]

Key words: Antibiotic resistance , Uropathogens , UTI


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Rahangdale D, Bhise D. Antibiotic Resistance Among Uropathogens : A Challenge. NJIRM. 2013; 4(4): 115-117.


Web Style

Rahangdale D, Bhise D. Antibiotic Resistance Among Uropathogens : A Challenge. http://www.nicpdjournals.com/?mno=43626 [Access: January 19, 2018].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Rahangdale D, Bhise D. Antibiotic Resistance Among Uropathogens : A Challenge. NJIRM. 2013; 4(4): 115-117.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Rahangdale D, Bhise D. Antibiotic Resistance Among Uropathogens : A Challenge. NJIRM. (2013), [cited January 19, 2018]; 4(4): 115-117.



Harvard Style

Rahangdale, D. & Bhise, D. (2013) Antibiotic Resistance Among Uropathogens : A Challenge. NJIRM, 4 (4), 115-117.



Turabian Style

Rahangdale, Dr.Vaishali, and Dr.Swati Bhise. 2013. Antibiotic Resistance Among Uropathogens : A Challenge. National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 4 (4), 115-117.



Chicago Style

Rahangdale, Dr.Vaishali, and Dr.Swati Bhise. "Antibiotic Resistance Among Uropathogens : A Challenge." National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine 4 (2013), 115-117.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Rahangdale, Dr.Vaishali, and Dr.Swati Bhise. "Antibiotic Resistance Among Uropathogens : A Challenge." National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine 4.4 (2013), 115-117. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Rahangdale, D. & Bhise, D. (2013) Antibiotic Resistance Among Uropathogens : A Challenge. National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 4 (4), 115-117.



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