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Evaluation of Acute Poisoning In Emergency Department: A Clinico-Epidemiological Study in Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital of Gujarat

Sarjak Shah*, Nishita darji**, Falguni Majmudar***, Sapna Gupta****, Supriya Malhotra*****.

Abstract
Background: In our country acute poisoning is a condition that has a very large amount of susceptible population due to the existence and the ease of access of poisonous substances. Our study tried to analyse the specific antidotes used with respect to different poisonings, outcome and general drug therapy for the same. Objectives: To assess the different types of acute poisoning, effectiveness of the treatment provided, in terms of outcome& severity. Methods: This is a prospective, longitudinal, observational type of study; over the period of 3 months. The data was collected with the proper prior consent and was analysed on the basis of outcome with the use of ‘Poisoning Severity Scale’ and the ‘Modified Snakebite Severity Score’. Results: Organophosphorus substances were the commonest cause of accidental poisoning whereas snake bite was the commonest cause due to the envenomation. All the patients of Organophosphorus poisoning and snake envenomation were treated with the primary treatment atropine and anti-snake venom respectively, ultimately resulting in low mortality rate (6%). Conclusion: Our study had very low mortality rate, which could be due to less number of cases of fatal poisoning and due to good transport facilities from rural to urban areas as well as early start of the specific treatment and management. [S Shah Natl J Integr Res Med, 2018; 9(1):20-25]

Key words: Acute Poisoning, Organophosphorus compound, Snake bite.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Shah S, darji N, Majmudar F, Gupta S, Malhotra S. Evaluation of Acute Poisoning In Emergency Department: A Clinico-Epidemiological Study in Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital of Gujarat. NJIRM. 2018; 9(1): 20-25.


Web Style

Shah S, darji N, Majmudar F, Gupta S, Malhotra S. Evaluation of Acute Poisoning In Emergency Department: A Clinico-Epidemiological Study in Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital of Gujarat. http://www.njirm.com/?mno=292773 [Access: June 23, 2018].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shah S, darji N, Majmudar F, Gupta S, Malhotra S. Evaluation of Acute Poisoning In Emergency Department: A Clinico-Epidemiological Study in Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital of Gujarat. NJIRM. 2018; 9(1): 20-25.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shah S, darji N, Majmudar F, Gupta S, Malhotra S. Evaluation of Acute Poisoning In Emergency Department: A Clinico-Epidemiological Study in Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital of Gujarat. NJIRM. (2018), [cited June 23, 2018]; 9(1): 20-25.



Harvard Style

Shah, S., darji, N., Majmudar, F., Gupta, S. & Malhotra, S. (2018) Evaluation of Acute Poisoning In Emergency Department: A Clinico-Epidemiological Study in Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital of Gujarat. NJIRM, 9 (1), 20-25.



Turabian Style

Shah, Sarjak, Nishita darji, Falguni Majmudar, Sapna Gupta, and Supriya Malhotra. 2018. Evaluation of Acute Poisoning In Emergency Department: A Clinico-Epidemiological Study in Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital of Gujarat. National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 9 (1), 20-25.



Chicago Style

Shah, Sarjak, Nishita darji, Falguni Majmudar, Sapna Gupta, and Supriya Malhotra. "Evaluation of Acute Poisoning In Emergency Department: A Clinico-Epidemiological Study in Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital of Gujarat." National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine 9 (2018), 20-25.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shah, Sarjak, Nishita darji, Falguni Majmudar, Sapna Gupta, and Supriya Malhotra. "Evaluation of Acute Poisoning In Emergency Department: A Clinico-Epidemiological Study in Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital of Gujarat." National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine 9.1 (2018), 20-25. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shah, S., darji, N., Majmudar, F., Gupta, S. & Malhotra, S. (2018) Evaluation of Acute Poisoning In Emergency Department: A Clinico-Epidemiological Study in Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital of Gujarat. National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 9 (1), 20-25.



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