Service by

Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board About Journal Aims & Scope


Original Article 


A Study of Fundus Changes in Patients with Pregnancy Induced Hypertension Attending Tertiary Care Centre

Dipak B. Patel*, Roshani K Patel**, Himadri Patel***, Poonam Rana****, Toral Rajput*****, Jyotindra Brahmbhatt******.

Abstract
Introduction: Retinal changes are a frequent observation in pregnancy-induced hypertension. Early detection and monitoring of these changes can help to determine the further course of pregnancy. The study is intended to determine the prevalence of retinal changes in pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) and the association of these changes with the blood pressure, proteinuria, and disease severity. Methods: All patients admitted with the diagnosis of PIH were observed in this study. Age, gravida, gestational period, blood pressure, and proteinuria were noted. A proper history of any ophthalmological symptoms and Fundoscopic examination was done after dilation of the pupils with a direct ophthalmoscope in, the ward itself. All findings were noted and then analyzed. Results: A total of 75 patients of PIH were examined. The mean age of patients was 24.88 years (range 18-39 years). The gestation period ranged from 27 weeks to 42 weeks; 40 (53.33%) were primigravida. 35(46.66%) were multigravida. 44 (58.66%) patients had mild preeclampsia, 26 (34.66%) had severe preeclampsia and 5 (6.66%) had eclampsia. Retinal changes (hypertensive retinopathy) were noted in 25 (33.33%) patients --- grade I in 19 (25.33%) and grade II in 4 (5.33%). Haemorrhages or exudates were seen in 1 (1.33%) patient and retinal detachment was seen in 1(1.33%) patient. There was a statistically significant positive association between retinal changes and blood pressure (p<0.0001), proteinuria (p=0.0000036) and severity of the PIH (p=0.0001). Conclusion: Ophthalmic fundus examination is an important procedure to be performed in all pregnant hypertensive women. It helps to determine the further course of pregnancy. In our study, Retinal changes were seen with PIH and they were significantly associated with blood pressure, proteinuria, and severity of the disease. [D Patel, Natl J Integr Res Med, 2018; 9(1):7-11]

Key words: Fundus changes, Pregnancy induced hypertension, Proteinuria


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Dipak B. Patel*
Articles by Roshani K Patel**
Articles by Himadri Patel***
Articles by Poonam Rana****
Articles by Toral Rajput*****
Articles by Jyotindra Brahmbhatt******
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 179
Downloaded: 48
Cited: 0


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Patel DB, Patel RK, Patel H, Rana P, Rajput T, Brahmbhatt . A Study of Fundus Changes in Patients with Pregnancy Induced Hypertension Attending Tertiary Care Centre . NJIRM. 2018; 9(1): 7-11.


Web Style

Patel DB, Patel RK, Patel H, Rana P, Rajput T, Brahmbhatt . A Study of Fundus Changes in Patients with Pregnancy Induced Hypertension Attending Tertiary Care Centre . http://www.njirm.com/?mno=292768 [Access: June 23, 2018].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Patel DB, Patel RK, Patel H, Rana P, Rajput T, Brahmbhatt . A Study of Fundus Changes in Patients with Pregnancy Induced Hypertension Attending Tertiary Care Centre . NJIRM. 2018; 9(1): 7-11.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Patel DB, Patel RK, Patel H, Rana P, Rajput T, Brahmbhatt . A Study of Fundus Changes in Patients with Pregnancy Induced Hypertension Attending Tertiary Care Centre . NJIRM. (2018), [cited June 23, 2018]; 9(1): 7-11.



Harvard Style

Patel, D. B., Patel, R. K., Patel, H., Rana, P., Rajput, T. & Brahmbhatt, . (2018) A Study of Fundus Changes in Patients with Pregnancy Induced Hypertension Attending Tertiary Care Centre . NJIRM, 9 (1), 7-11.



Turabian Style

Patel, Dipak B., Roshani K Patel, Himadri Patel, Poonam Rana, Toral Rajput, and Jyotindra Brahmbhatt. 2018. A Study of Fundus Changes in Patients with Pregnancy Induced Hypertension Attending Tertiary Care Centre . National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 9 (1), 7-11.



Chicago Style

Patel, Dipak B., Roshani K Patel, Himadri Patel, Poonam Rana, Toral Rajput, and Jyotindra Brahmbhatt. "A Study of Fundus Changes in Patients with Pregnancy Induced Hypertension Attending Tertiary Care Centre ." National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine 9 (2018), 7-11.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Patel, Dipak B., Roshani K Patel, Himadri Patel, Poonam Rana, Toral Rajput, and Jyotindra Brahmbhatt. "A Study of Fundus Changes in Patients with Pregnancy Induced Hypertension Attending Tertiary Care Centre ." National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine 9.1 (2018), 7-11. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Patel, D. B., Patel, R. K., Patel, H., Rana, P., Rajput, T. & Brahmbhatt, . (2018) A Study of Fundus Changes in Patients with Pregnancy Induced Hypertension Attending Tertiary Care Centre . National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 9 (1), 7-11.



AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed In

 National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine

Publication by Association of Health Professionals and Health Educators

Open access peer reviewed Journal -  Publication Ethics Policies for Medical Journals  - Retracted Article 

    eISSN : 0975-9840, pISSN:  2230 - 9969 

Now Indexed in National Library of Medicine Catalog,

Indexed in PubMed (for Selected Citation)

Indexed in Index Medicus for the South-East Asian Region

Indexed in Index Copernicus (IC Value 66.37)

Search Your article in Index Copernicus

ISRA Journal Impact Factor: 5.39,  Scientific Journal Impact Factor = 2.507

WHO-HINARI, Index Scholar,

Science Central.com (Score 23.0)

 

  http://www.impactfactorservice.com/assets/images/logo.png     

Included in Open J-Gate, getCITED, connotea, Open Directory Project,

 EQUATOR Network,Ulrich’s Database of ProQuest, MedWorm Publisher,Connect Journals & EBSCO Publishing, ISC Database, New Jour, PSOAR Database, JournalSeek, ourGlocal Journal Database,Cochrane Menstrual Disorders and Subfertility Group, Islamic world science citation center,   

open access journals search engine, Impact Index, Journal Index,Citefactor.org, Directory of Research Journals Indexing (DRJI), Sjournals Index, Open Academic Journals Index, SIS database

 

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

List of Journals Indexed for MEDLINE

The List of Journals Indexed for MEDLINE publication ceased with the 2008 edition. The NLM Catalog can be used to obtain a list of currently indexed MEDLINE titles; select the Limit for Current Subsets called "Currently indexed in MEDLINE."

The List of Serials Indexed for Online Users online publication is designed to provide bibliographic information for serials from which articles are indexed with the MeSH® vocabulary and cited in MEDLINE®, the backbone of the NLM PubMed® database. More detailed bibliographic data and information about indexing coverage for serials cited in MEDLINE/PubMed can be found in LocatorPlus®, the NLM online catalog, and the NLM Catalog, an Entrez database.

Journals Recently Accepted by NLM for Inclusion in MEDLINE lists titles selected by LSTRC which meets three times per year in February, June, and October. Results from those meetings appear online about six weeks after each meeting, both on the Web page and in the NLM Catalog.

Previous print versions of the List of Journals Indexed for MEDLINE might be available from the U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO). Information about ordering documents from GPO is available at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/pubs/pubcat.html#ordering.

 
 



The articles in National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.