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Original Article Open Access


Prevalence and clinical profile of various complications in type-2 Diabetes Mellitus patients

Manisha Panchal*, Harsha Jivarajani**.

Abstract
Background and Aim: Diabetes is a global endemic with rapidly increasing prevalence in both developing and developed countries. As the prevalence of diabetes mellitus is rising and at the same time it is now affecting rural as well as urban people both. Aim of the present study was to detect the prevalence and clinical profile of various complications in type-2 Diabetes Mellitus patients. Methods: The present study was conducted in the Department of Medicine, for the period of two years. Subjects were put to detailed clinical workup, Laboratory diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus was confirmed by criteria laid by the American Diabetes Association. Presence of microablumin in two urine samples whin in a period of six months taken as criteria for detecting Diabetic Nephropathy. Blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, Lipid profile and serum creatinine were determined in all patients. Results: The patients presenting with various diabetic complications, as CAD (n= 35), cerebrovascular accidents (n=9), PVD (n=11), Retinopathy (n=21), neuropathy (n=15) and nephropathy (n=4) was seen in the diabetic patients. Total 35 cases presented with symptoms classical for diabetes melltus like polyurea and polydipsia and increased appetite and were not associated with diabetic complications at the time of diagnosis. Conclusion: prevalence of complications is quite high even at the time of diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes. This is probably because of the insidious onset of diabetes and long duration of asymptomatic disease before symptoms develop. [Manisha P NJIRM 2017; 8(6):1-3]

Key words: Diabetes, microablumin, Polyurea, Retinopathy


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Panchal M, Jivarajani H. Prevalence and clinical profile of various complications in type-2 Diabetes Mellitus patients . NJIRM. 2017; 8(6): 1-3.


Web Style

Panchal M, Jivarajani H. Prevalence and clinical profile of various complications in type-2 Diabetes Mellitus patients . http://www.nicpdjournals.com/?mno=287066 [Access: January 19, 2018].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Panchal M, Jivarajani H. Prevalence and clinical profile of various complications in type-2 Diabetes Mellitus patients . NJIRM. 2017; 8(6): 1-3.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Panchal M, Jivarajani H. Prevalence and clinical profile of various complications in type-2 Diabetes Mellitus patients . NJIRM. (2017), [cited January 19, 2018]; 8(6): 1-3.



Harvard Style

Panchal, M. & Jivarajani, H. (2017) Prevalence and clinical profile of various complications in type-2 Diabetes Mellitus patients . NJIRM, 8 (6), 1-3.



Turabian Style

Panchal, Manisha, and Harsha Jivarajani. 2017. Prevalence and clinical profile of various complications in type-2 Diabetes Mellitus patients . National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 8 (6), 1-3.



Chicago Style

Panchal, Manisha, and Harsha Jivarajani. "Prevalence and clinical profile of various complications in type-2 Diabetes Mellitus patients ." National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine 8 (2017), 1-3.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Panchal, Manisha, and Harsha Jivarajani. "Prevalence and clinical profile of various complications in type-2 Diabetes Mellitus patients ." National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine 8.6 (2017), 1-3. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Panchal, M. & Jivarajani, H. (2017) Prevalence and clinical profile of various complications in type-2 Diabetes Mellitus patients . National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 8 (6), 1-3.



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