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Study of Risk Factors for Pregnancy Induced Hypertension - A Hospital Based Case Control Study

Sorohi Hirpara*, Rushi Ghevariya**, Paras Ghadia***, Trupesh Hada****, Niraj Pandit*****.

Abstract
Hypertension disorders of pregnancy are important leading causes of maternal, fetal and neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Hypertension during pregnancy is classified under five categories; they are chronic hypertension, preeclampsia, chronic hypertension with preeclampsia, gestational hypertension (Pregnancy Induced Hypertension-PIH) and transient hypertension. The present study was initiated as undergraduate student study to determine the risks factors of pregnancy induced hypertension. Method: The present case-control study was conducted during July 2016 to Oct 2016 at tertiary care hospital. The study population is selected from the hospital OPD. There were total 100 pregnant women selected for the study. There were selected on first come first basis. There were 50 women with PIH and 50 women without PIH selected for the study. The cases were selected from list of Obstetric OPD and matched control were also selected form same department. The socio-demographic matched case and control selected in equal number 1 : 1 ratio. Results: The women with PIH and without PIH, both groups were matched for their background information. It was found that there was no association with primipara and multipara with PIH (Odds 1.7 95% CI 0.68 to 4.30). Menstrual history had also no association with present PIH condition (OR- 0.5 95% CI- 0.2 to 1.6 ). Family history of hypertension (OR-1.9 95% CI- 0.8 to 4.8) and family history of diabetes mellitus (OR-1.5 95% CI- 0.61 to 3.7) also had not association with present PIH. Past history of PIH had strong association with current PIH for women who are multigravida (OR-3.7 95% CI- 1.1 to 12.5 p=0.03). Also there was interesting observation that vegetarian had higher chance of getting PIH then mixed diet pattern (OR-4.3 95% CI- 1.8 to 10.4 p=0.0009). Conclusion: The various risk factors were studies among PIH women and non-PIH women as case control study. The risk factors which present study have identified, they were past history of PIH and vegetarian diet. Others need to explore in larger community based study. [Sorohi H NJIRM 2017; 8(4):41-44]

Key words: PIH, case-control study, vegetarian diet, previous PIH, hospital study


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Hirpara S, Ghevariya R, Ghadia P, Hada T, Pandit N. Study of Risk Factors for Pregnancy Induced Hypertension - A Hospital Based Case Control Study. NJIRM. 2017; 8(4): 41-44.



Web Style

Hirpara S, Ghevariya R, Ghadia P, Hada T, Pandit N. Study of Risk Factors for Pregnancy Induced Hypertension - A Hospital Based Case Control Study. www.scopemed.org/?mno=273125 [Access: October 18, 2017].



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hirpara S, Ghevariya R, Ghadia P, Hada T, Pandit N. Study of Risk Factors for Pregnancy Induced Hypertension - A Hospital Based Case Control Study. NJIRM. 2017; 8(4): 41-44.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hirpara S, Ghevariya R, Ghadia P, Hada T, Pandit N. Study of Risk Factors for Pregnancy Induced Hypertension - A Hospital Based Case Control Study. NJIRM. (2017), [cited October 18, 2017]; 8(4): 41-44.



Harvard Style

Hirpara, S., Ghevariya, R., Ghadia, P., Hada, T. & Pandit, N. (2017) Study of Risk Factors for Pregnancy Induced Hypertension - A Hospital Based Case Control Study. NJIRM, 8 (4), 41-44.



Turabian Style

Hirpara, Sorohi, Rushi Ghevariya, Paras Ghadia, Trupesh Hada, and Niraj Pandit. 2017. Study of Risk Factors for Pregnancy Induced Hypertension - A Hospital Based Case Control Study. National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 8 (4), 41-44.



Chicago Style

Hirpara, Sorohi, Rushi Ghevariya, Paras Ghadia, Trupesh Hada, and Niraj Pandit. "Study of Risk Factors for Pregnancy Induced Hypertension - A Hospital Based Case Control Study." National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine 8 (2017), 41-44.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hirpara, Sorohi, Rushi Ghevariya, Paras Ghadia, Trupesh Hada, and Niraj Pandit. "Study of Risk Factors for Pregnancy Induced Hypertension - A Hospital Based Case Control Study." National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine 8.4 (2017), 41-44. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hirpara, S., Ghevariya, R., Ghadia, P., Hada, T. & Pandit, N. (2017) Study of Risk Factors for Pregnancy Induced Hypertension - A Hospital Based Case Control Study. National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 8 (4), 41-44.



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